What is a menstrual disorder?

While some women are able to experience regular periods each month with usual premenstrual symptoms, beginning and ending at almost the same time each month, other women do not always experience this and may have a menstrual disorder which may be a burden on their quality of life. When it comes to the symptoms of menstruation and PMS, not everything should be regarded as usual, and if you experience overwhelming symptoms during menstruation, you should seek medical advice from Dr Tini to find out how best to make your menstrual cycle tolerable.

What is normal?

The menstrual cycle includes a menstrual period of bleeding roughly every 28 days. On average your menstrual bleeding should last between 3 and seven days, and experience the following premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms, which may be uncomfortable but not unbearable:

  • Mood swings such as sadness, irritability and anxiety
  • Abdominal cramping
  • Back pain
  • Headaches
  • Bloating
  • Swelling of fingers and feet due to fluid retention
  • Acne
  • Vertigo
  • Fainting
  • Muscle spasms
  • Allergies
  • Infections
  • Eye and sight problems
  • Decreased coordination
  • Lowered sex drive
  • Hot flashes
  • Changes in eating habits and appetite

If you are experiencing these symptoms, but find them unbearable or problematic you may have a menstrual disorder.

The following are menstrual disorders:


Amenorrhea is a type of menstrual disorder in which menstrual periods are absent for more than three months on end. This menstrual disorder can occur at any stage in a woman’s life. There are two kinds of amenorrhea:

  • Primary amenorrhea: Menstruation which doesn’t begin at puberty or by the age of 16 years old.
  • Secondary amenorrhea: initially, routine and regular menstrual periods which later become abnormal or absent.

What causes Amenorrhea?