What is a urinary tract infection?

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common infection of the urinary system among women as they are at higher risk of developing them due to biological structure. Your kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra are all part of your urinary system. Many women experience recurrent infections, which can last for years. A UTI affects about one out of every ten males at some point in their lives. These infections can be painful and annoying, and if left untreated, may lead to kidney infections.

What causes a urinary tract infection?

These infections occur when bacteria enters the urinary tract and bladder and begin to multiply. This is usually caused by gastrointestinal bacteria from the anus entering the urethra. Due to the nature of female anatomy, the vagina, urethra and anus are very close in proximity, and thus a urinary tract infection is common. This usually occurs when women wipe from back to front when urinating or through intercourse.

What are the symptoms?

  • A persistent need to urinate
  • A burning sensation when urinating
  • Urinating small amounts of urine
  • Urine that appears pink or red
  • Strong smelling urine
  • Pelvic pain

If this infection moves to the kidneys (urosepsis), you will need emergency care; the following symptoms are involved:

  • Upper back pain
  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

What is the treatment?

Lower urinary tract infections are usually treated using antibiotics if bacteria are the cause of infection. Rarely viruses or fungi are the cause, and in such cases, antivirals or antifungals are used to treat the infection. If the infection doesn't go away, it is regarded as a chronic infection and may need alternative treatment.

How can it be prevented?

You can avoid a urinary tract infection by drinking plenty of water, wiping from front to back when urinating to prevent contamination and emptying your bladder right after intercourse.

1How long does it take a UTI to resolve?

Symptoms of a bladder infection usually disappear within 24 to 48 hours of starting treatment. If you have a kidney infection, the symptoms may take a week or longer to disappear.

2Can drinking water help with a UTI?

When you have a urinary tract infection, one of the first things you should do is drink plenty of water. Because drinking water can help flush out the bacteria causing your infection, it's a good idea to do so.

3Can cranberry juice help with a UTI?

According to studies, the therapeutic components in cranberry juice can enter the urinary tract within eight hours and inhibit bacterial adhesion.