What is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal condition in which a higher-than-normal number of male hormones causes an imbalance. The ovaries experience issues as a result of the hormonal imbalance. Each month, as part of a healthy menstrual cycle, the ovaries produce an egg discharged. The egg may not grow properly or be released during ovulation as it should be if you have PCOS.

Women with this condition may have infrequent menstrual bleeding and fertility issues due to excess androgen hormone levels. As a result, the ovaries develop numerous cysts (which are sacs of fluid).

What causes polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)?

Although polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is related to an imbalance of hormones, the exact cause is unknown. Having a family member with this condition increases your chance of having the condition yourself. However, many experts believe that high levels of androgens or insulin can contribute to PCOS diagnosis. Androgens are commonly referred to as "male hormones," although all women produce modest amounts of them. Those with PCOS have higher levels of androgens than women without the condition. Insulin is a hormone that regulates how food is converted into energy. Insulin resistance occurs when the cells of the body do not respond to insulin as they should. As a result, your insulin blood levels rise above normal levels. Insulin resistance affects many women with PCOS, especially those who are overweight.

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) include those related to higher levels of androgen in women, such as:

  • Late or absent period
  • Abnormally heavy bleeding
  • Excess facial and body hair
  • Severe acne
  • Male-pattern baldness
  • Enlarged ovaries
  • Fertility issues

How can this condition be treated?

Because this condition is related to many conditions such as infertility, miscarriages, liver inflammation, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, abnormal uterine bleeding and a higher risk of developing endometrial cancer, treating this condition is prioritised.

1Is PCOS life-threatening?

While PCOS is not life-threatening, persons who have it are more likely to develop Type II diabetes, cardiovascular issues, endometrial cancer, liver inflammation, and other significant illnesses.

2Can you ignore PCOS?

PCOS can become a serious problem if left untreated. If you don't see a doctor and get treatment for your symptoms, they can lead to serious health problems like cancer, acne scars, and heart disease. Sleep apnea and infertility are two other health issues to consider.

3Does weight loss improve PCOS symptoms?

Even a minor weight loss can help alleviate PCOS symptoms. Weight loss might help the ovaries regain their normal function and hormone production. As a result, PCOS symptoms such as excessive facial or body hair growth, acne, scalp hair loss, and monthly irregularity may improve.