What is post-menopausal bleeding?
Women who have gone through menopause should not experience menstrual bleeding, which means that post-menopausal bleeding and spotting is abnormal.
What causes it?
The following conditions may cause post-menopausal bleeding:
- Uterine polyps may cause spotting and bleeding.
- Thinning of the uterine lining (endometrial atrophy) due to low levels of hormones after menopause may trigger uterine bleeding.
- Thickening of the uterine lining (endometrial hyperplasia) due to too much estrogen or too little progesterone.
- Thinning of the vaginal tissue which may cause bleeding after intercourse due to vaginal dryness.
- Medications such as blood thinners may cause bleeding.
- Hormone therapy
- Cervical or vaginal cancer
How can post-menopausal bleeding be treated?
Depending on the cause of the bleeding, as well as the severity, treatment options include:
- Estrogen creams if the bleeding is due to thinning of the uterine or vaginal lining.
- Surgical removal of polyps
- Hormone replacement therapy may be considered to counteract the lack of hormones due to menopause.
- In more severe cases a hysterectomy may be considered.
- If cancer is the cause, depending on the type and stage of cancer surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy are usually considered with the help of Dr Tini’s guidance.
- Gynaecological Consultations
- Minor Laparoscopic Surgery
- Ovarian Cyst Removal
- Management of Fibroids
- Removal of Polyps and Cysts
- Endometrial Ablation
- Obstetric Consultations
- Prenatal Care
- Pregnancy Dating
- Pregnancy Check-up
- Natural Vaginal Birth and
- Caesarean Sections (C-Section)
- Ultrasounds – 3D and 4D scans